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美国加州特许学校激增 州长宣布新协议加强监管



&nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp&根据美国《星岛日报》的消息,9月5日,鉴于主要由低收入家庭组成的社区入学人数不断增加,加利福尼亚当局准备加强对特许学校的管理规定。

&当地时间9月4日,加利福尼亚州州长内森(Nathan)宣布了一项协议,该协议将完全改变该州对其特许学校的授权和评估。州立法者仍需批准该协议,但国会两院领导人均表示支持,此案应顺利通过。

& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp特许学校获得政府赠款,其运作方式与传统公立学校不同。任何人都可以申请入读特许学校。州法律要求学区确认特许学校符合某些基本要求。

根据此案的立法分析,过去十年来,特许学校的入学率翻了一番以上。根据加州教育局的数据,加州有1,300多所特许学校,约占该州620万公立学校学生的10%。

& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp&国家立法机关必须在9月12日之前考虑nbsp,这将禁止州政府授权建立更多的特许学校,只有学区和县政府才能这样做。该法案还要求所有特许学校的新教师都必须获得认证,现有教师必须在五年内获得认证。

& Am; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp bill will change the criteria for approving new charter schools, such as assessing how schools will affect communities. In the future, the evaluation criteria of charter schools will include students'test scores, graduation rates and drop-out rates.

& The details of the bill have been confirmed by the Governor's Office of amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp. Newson, Senate Executive Chairman Atkins, House Speaker Rendon, and other parliamentary and administrative officials issued a joint statement saying: "This agreement focuses on the needs of our students, improves accountability of all charter schools, allows high-quality charter schools to flourish, and ensures that charter schools are financially viable to the campus. The impact of politics and communities has been seriously considered.

& amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; more than 60% of the state's charter schools are located in nine counties of Los Angeles County, San Diego and San Francisco Bay Area. Legislative analysis shows that most of the growth in charter schools comes from students from low-income families.

& amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; nbsp & amp; the California Chartered Schools Association (CCSA), which opposed the bill in the past, said it was now neutral about the revised bill.

& Am; nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp& nbsp including the California Teachers Association (CTA) and the California Federation of Labor (CLF) and other trade union organizations jointly issued a statement that they expected Newson to sign the bill into law to implement these urgently needed changes.